Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF)

Since spring 2020 the coronavirus has had a devastating effect on Europe and the world, challenging the health and social care system, our communal lives, and cooperation practices to date. In order to protect the lives and livelihoods, restore the single market, and ensure a lasting and prosperous recovery, the European Commission proposed on 27 May 2020 the establishment of a new Recovery Instrument, Next Generation EU in the amount of 750 billion euros.

The Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) is at the heart of the Next Generation EU package. The aim of the facility is to support investment and reforms essential to long-term economic recovery, enhancing the Member States' economies and social resilience, and supporting the green and digital transition.

The purpose of the Recovery Facility is to

  • promote economic, social and territorial cohesion of the EU by increasing the resilience, crisis preparedness, adaptability and economic growth potential of the Member States;
  • mitigate the social and economic impact of the crisis, particularly on women, contribute to the implementation of the European Pillar of Social Rights;
  • support the green transition, contributing to the achievement of the union's climate neutrality targets for 2030 and the achievement of the union's climate neutrality target for 2050;
  • support the digital transition, thereby contributing to upward economic and social convergence, restoring and promoting sustainable growth and integration of the union’s economy;
  • contribute to the creation of new high-quality jobs and strategic autonomy of the union alongside an open economy and adding value for Europe.

According to the original calculations, the support amount of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) to Estonia was to be 1.1 billion euros, but as a result of the unexpected GDP growth in 2020–2021, our support amount will be decreased to 863.3 million euros.

In order to use the RRF, Member States must draw up a recovery plan that is consistent with country-specific challenges and priorities identified within the framework of the European Semester, national reform programmes (Estonia 2035), state energy and climate plans, fair transition plans, and partnership agreement and operational programmes for shared management funds (Cohesion Policy, Maritime and Fisheries Fund and Internal Security Funds). 
It is also recommended that the recovery plan focuses on the seven pan-European flagships, among other things.

Last updated: 19.05.2023